介詞是用來表示物體、人和地點之間相互關系的詞語。介詞in,on和at常被用來表示這些關系。這里有關于何時該用介詞的解釋,并附有例句來幫助你理解。

1.In

a.In用于室內或室外的場所。

in a room / in a building
在房間/大樓里

in a garden / in a park
在花園/公園里

I have two TVs in my house.
我房子里有兩個電視。

They live in that building over there.
他們住在那棟樓里。

與水域進行搭配

in the water
在水里

in the sea
在海里

in a river
在河里

I like swimming in lakes when the weather is hot.
我喜歡天氣熱時在湖里游泳。

You can catch fish in the river.
你可以在湖里捉魚。

和行、隊伍等進行搭配

in a row / in a line
一行

in a queue
一隊

Let's stand in line and get a ticket to the concert.
站成一行,買票去聽音樂會。

We had to wait in a queue to get into the bank.
我們只得站成一隊等著進入公園。

d. in與城市、縣、州、地區和國家搭配

Peter lives in Chicago.
皮特住在芝加哥。

Helen is in France this month. Next month she'll be in Germany.
海倫這個月在法國。下個月她就在德國了。

2.At

與具體的地點進行搭配

at the bus-stop
在公交車站

at the door
在門邊

at the cinema
在電影院

at the end of the street
在街的盡頭

I'll meet you at the movie theater at six o'clock.
我六點在電影院見你。

He lives in the house at the end of the street.
他住在街尾那間房子里。

b. at與頁面位置進行搭配

The name of the chapter is at the top of the page.
本章名字在書頁上端。

The page number can be found at the bottom of the page.
書頁底部可以看到頁碼。

c. at與一群人進行搭配

at the back of the class
在教室后排

at the front of the class
在教室前排

Tim sits at the back of the class.
蒂姆坐在教室后排。

Please come and sit down at the front of the class.
請過來,坐在教室前排。

3.On

與物體表面進行搭配

on the ceiling / on the wall / on the floor
天花板/墻/地板上

on the table
桌子上

I put the magazine on the table.
我把雜志放在桌子上。

That's a beautiful painting on the wall.
墻上的畫很漂亮。

b. on與小島進行搭配

I stayed on Maui last year. It was great!
去年我去了毛伊島。那兒真是太棒了!

We visited friends who live on an island in the Bahamas.
我們拜訪了住在巴哈馬群島的朋友們。

c. on與方向進行搭配

on the left
左邊

on the right
右邊

straight on
往前直走

Take the first street on the left and continue to the end of the road.
在第一條街左轉,然后繼續走到路的盡頭。

Drive straight on until you come to a gate.
一直往前開,知道看見一扇門。

重要建議

1.In / at / on the corner
在角落

我們會說in the corner of a room,at the corner (或on the corner)of a street。

I put the chair in the corner of the bedroom of the house on the corner of 52nd Street.
我把椅子放在52號街房子的臥室角落處。

I live at the corner of 2nd Avenue.
我住在二號大街的拐角處。

2.In / at / on the front
在前面

我們會說in the front / in the back of a car(車子前方/后方)

I get to sit in the front Dad!
我要坐在爸爸前面!

You can lay down and sleep in the back of the car.
你可以躺下來,在車后面睡一下。

我們會說at the front / at the back of buildings / groups of people(在建筑物/一群人前面/后面)

The entrance door is at the front of the building.
入口在建筑物前方。

我們會說on the front / on the back of a piece of paper(紙張正面/背面)

Write your name on the front of the paper.
把你的名字寫在紙張正面。

You'll find the grade on the back of the page.
你會在紙張背面看到分數。

4.Into

使用into來表示從一個地方到另一個地方的移動。

I drove into the garage and parked the car.
我把車開進車庫,并停好。

Peter walked into the living room and turned on the TV.
皮特走進臥室,打開電視。

5.Onto

使用onto來表示某人將某物放在物體表面。

He put the magazines onto the table.
他把雜志放在桌子上。

Alice put the plates onto the shelf in the cupboard.
愛麗絲把碗放在碗柜的架子上。

6.Out of

當表示將某物拉出來或者離開房間時,可以使用out of。

I took the clothes out of the washer.
我把衣服從洗衣機里拿出來。

He drove out of the garage.
他把車從車庫開出來。

練習題

做練習,檢測自己的掌握水平。然后核對下面的答案。

1. My friend now lives _____ Arizona.
(我的朋友住在亞利桑那州。)

2. Go down the street and take the first street _____ the right.
(沿著這條街走,在第一條街向右轉。)

3. That's a beautiful pictures _____ the wall.
(墻上的畫很漂亮。)

4. My friend lives _____ the island of Sardinia.
(我朋友住在撒丁區的一個島上。)

5. He's the man _____ the front the room.
(他就是站在房間前面的那個人。)

6. He drove the car _____ the garage.
(他把車開進車庫。)

7. I'll meet you _____ the shopping mall.
(我在購物中心見你。)

8. I like to sit _____ the back of the room.
(我想坐在房間后排。)

9. Tom went swimming _____ the lake.
(湯姆在湖里游泳。)

10. Let's stand _____ the line to see the movie.
(站成一排去看電影。)

答案

1. in

2. on

3. on

4. on

5. at

6. into / out of

7. at

8. in

9. in

10. in

聲明:本雙語文章的中文翻譯系滬江英語原創內容,轉載請注明出處。中文翻譯僅代表譯者個人觀點,僅供參考。如有不妥之處,歡迎指正。